The last decade has seen a staggering rise in the number of refugees and Internally Displaced People (IDPs), with the increase largely driven by the fall-out from civil wars in the Middle East and North Africa, terrorism and political instability worldwide.
An estimated 0.75 per cent of the current world population is currently displaced –meaning one in every 133 people worldwide is a refugee or IDP. This is the highest number of refugees and IDPs since the 1945.
This increase builds on an eight year trend, with the number of refugees and IDPs steadily increasing since 2004. In 2013, there were an estimated 12.8 million refugees and asylum seekers, a 23 per cent increase from 2004. The number of internally displaced people grew from 5.4 million in 2004 to 23.9 million in 2013, an increase of 324 per cent.
Syria has the largest total number of refugees and displaced people with an estimated 43 per cent of the population displaced, equating to approximately 9.55 million people.
Last year, the largest percentage increase in refugees and IDPs occurred in South Sudan, where it is estimated that over 17 per cent of the population is currently displaced.
Violence and civil conflict also displaced millions of people in Colombia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Sudan, whilst the occupation of Afghanistan has led to an exodus of over 2.6 million Afghanis.
The number of refugees and IDPs as a percentage of the population is an indicator in the global peace index. This year, Syria, South Sudan and Somalia ranked the lowest on the list of 162 countries for this indicator.
Explore the data on the Global Peace Index 2015.Related Articles
The 2015 Global Peace Index media pack includes key media contacts, multilingual media releases, infographics, a video and important links.
Want to know about the state of peace around the world but only have a few minutes? The 2015 Global Peace Index video reveals how peaceful the world is, what has changed over time, where the most and least peaceful areas are.
Vision of Humanity is an initiative of the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP). IEP have offices in New York and Sydney. For more specific inquiries related to the peace indexes and research, please contact IEP directly.